GXM

matte grade nickel and copper recovery calculations

Leaching of a lowgrade, coppernickel sulfide ore. 1. Key

1 Leaching of a lowgrade, coppernickel sulfide ore. 1. Key parameters impacting on Cu recovery during column bioleaching H.R. Watling1*, A.D. Elliot,1 M. Maley,2 W. van Bronswijk2 and C. Hunter3 1 AJ Parker Cooperative Research Centre for Integrated Hydrometallurgy Solutions, CSIRO Minerals, PO Box 7229, Karawara, Western Australia 6152

Get price

Nickel processing Britannica.com

Nickel processing: Nickel processing, preparation of the metal for use in various products. Although it is best known for its use in coinage, nickel (Ni) has become much more important for its many industrial appliions, which owe their importance to a unique combination of properties. Nickel

Get price

The 10 Biggest Nickel Producers of 2013 The Balance

The 10 Biggest Nickel Producers of 2013 . Share Pin Email By Terence Bell. Updated November 05, 2018 SMM is a major smelter and refiner of copper, nickel, and gold in Japan, and is invested in nickel mines and smelters in the Philippines, Indonesia, and New Caledonia. The company''s major nickel assets include the Niihama Nickel Refinery

Get price

Net smelter return QueensMineDesignWiki

Net smelter return factors. The NSR factors refer to the value a unit of metal grade ($ per gram of gold, $ per % nickel). These factors can be used in a variety of situations: Estimate rapidly the value of every block in the resources and reserves models by multiplying the grades by the factors. The blocks can easily be sorted as required.

Get price

12.3 Primary Copper Smelting

which is periodically removed and discarded. Copper matte remains in the furnace until tapped. Matte ranges from 35 to 65 percent copper, with 45 percent the most common. The copper content percentage is referred to as the matte grade. The 4 smelting furnace technologies used in the U. S. are reverberatory, electric, Noranda, and flash.

Get price

Estimates of Electricity Requirements for the Recovery of

Estimates of Electricity Requirements for the Recovery of Mineral Commodities, with Examples U.S. Geological Survey. Estimates of Electricity Requirements for the Recovery of Mineral Commodities, with Examples Applied to SubSaharan Africa. By Donald I. Bleiwas . OpenFile Report 2011–1253. matte and refined nickel from coppernickel

Get price

Nickel Deposits Explained Balmoral Resources Ltd.

Typically this type of Disseminated Ore is seen above and lateral to the higher grade, more massive parts of the system. One of the characteristics of magmatic sulphides is that the individual sulphide grains – like the orebodies as a whole – tend to be zoned having a more copperrich top and nickel rich base.

Get price

Leaching of a lowgrade, coppernickel sulfide ore. 1. Key

1 Leaching of a lowgrade, coppernickel sulfide ore. 1. Key parameters impacting on Cu recovery during column bioleaching H.R. Watling1*, A.D. Elliot,1 M. Maley,2 W. van Bronswijk2 and C. Hunter3 1 AJ Parker Cooperative Research Centre for Integrated Hydrometallurgy Solutions, CSIRO Minerals, PO Box 7229, Karawara, Western Australia 6152

Get price

The 10 Biggest Nickel Producers of 2013 The Balance

The 10 Biggest Nickel Producers of 2013 . Share Pin Email By Terence Bell. Updated November 05, 2018 SMM is a major smelter and refiner of copper, nickel, and gold in Japan, and is invested in nickel mines and smelters in the Philippines, Indonesia, and New Caledonia. The company''s major nickel assets include the Niihama Nickel Refinery

Get price

Mineral Deposit Value – How to Calculate the Potential

When the preliminary feasibility study of a mineral project has not been completed yet, but you do want to estimate the mineral deposit value, you can calculate the potential value of a mining project by the backoftheenvelope calculation described in this article.

Get price

Matte metallurgy Britannica.com

Matte, crude mixture of molten sulfides formed as an intermediate product of the smelting of sulfide ores of metals, especially copper, nickel, and lead.Instead of being smelted directly to metal, copper ores are usually smelted to matte, preferably containing 40–45 percent copper along with iron and sulfur, which is then treated by converting in a Bessemertype converter.

Get price

COBALT PROCESSING DEVELOPMENTS K G Fisher Bateman

COBALT PROCESSING DEVELOPMENTS K G Fisher Bateman Engineering Projects ABSTRACT steadily. Cobalt is produced mostly as a byproduct of other major metal extraction processes – mainly copper and nickel – and in recent decades the nickel industry has been the major source of cobalt. smelting to produce a PGMbearing nickel matte which

Get price

High Grade Nickel Concentrate Vale.com

High Grade Nickel Concentrate Product Information. High Grade Nickel Concentrate is used for the recovery of metal values. Vale Canada Newfoundland and Labrador . Suite 700, Blaine Johnston Centre . characterized by retention of excessive amounts of copper in the liver, brain, kidneys and

Get price

How to calculate grade and recovery concentrate?Ore

How to calculate grade and recovery concentrate? Loion: Home >> News >> Profession news In the process of ore dressing percentage, the percent of quality of a product obtained and quality of raw ore, known as the yield rate of product.

Get price

Metal Value per Tonne How You Can Determine the Mineral

You will find this explanation under the header How to Calculate the CutOff Grade, but in summary: 1% equals to 22 pounds. How To Calculate the Metal Value per Tonne. In the following table, I have created some examples for calculating the metal value, using the

Get price

Recovery of nickel, copper and precious metal concentrate

Abstract. Falconbridge Nikkelverk A/S sequentially treats high grade precious metal copper nickel mattes with HCI and chlorine, producing a precious metal concentrate having a bulk no greater than 1% of the original matte.

Get price

Geology & Mineralogy Copper Nickel Resources and Reserves

NorthMet comprises 254.7 million tons of proven and probable reserves grading 0.294 percent copper and 0.084 percent nickel. It has Measured and Indied mineral resources of 649.3 million tons grading 0.245 percent copper and 0.07 percent nickel and 508.9 million tons of Inferred material at 0.240 percent copper and 0.070 percent nickel.

Get price

OUTOTEC SMELTING SOLUTIONS FOR THE PGM INDUSTRY

OUTOTEC SMELTING SOLUTIONS FOR THE PGM INDUSTRY L. Aspola Outotec R. Matusewicz Outotec but also importantly, with nickel and copper. Typically Platinum and palladium have the greatest economic significance and other PGMs are typically produced as coproducts of these. With recent which produces highgrade nickel matte directly

Get price

Sherritt International Operations Commercial and

Leaching of nickelcopper matte and recovery of platinum group metals Sherritt''s matte leach process uses sulphuric acid leaching in a combination of atmospheric and/or pressure leaching steps to quantitatively dissolve nickel and copper in nickelcopper matte and produce a highgrade platinum group metal (PGM) concentrate for refining.

Get price

A Thermodynamic Model of Nickel Smelting and Direct High

recovery rate of valuable metals such as nickel, copper, and the compositions of the charges for these test modes were cobalt is lower in the highermattegrade range, especially presented in

Get price

Copper extraction Wikipedia

Copper extraction refers to the methods used to obtain copper from its ores.The conversion of copper consists of a series of physical and electrochemical processes. Methods have evolved and vary with country depending on the ore source, local environmental regulations, and other factors.

Get price

A Thermodynamic Model of Nickel Smelting and Direct High

nickelcopper matte of a low matte grade. The lowgrade coworker have also developed thermodynamic models of mattes from the two types of flash

Get price

CuEq Metal Equivalent Calculator for Mining Results

CuEq Metal Equivalent Calculator for Mining Results. Posted by: For each metal select the grade and the market price to be used in the calculations. You may also select a recovery %, the amount of assayed material that can actually be recovered during processing of the ore.

Get price

COPPER Copper production TU Delft

The copper recovery efficiency is over 90 %. About 95 % of The blast or shaft furnace is wellsuited for smelting highgrade, lumpy copper ore. If only fine 3 of 11 The reverberatory furnace dominated copper matte smelting for much of the 1900s, because it was

Get price

OUTOTEC FLASH SMELTING TECHNOLOGY

Flash Smelting is a natural choice for highergrade copper concentrates due to its lower capital investment costs. Outotec Direct Nickel Flash Smelting (DON) This process enables highgrade nickel matte to be produced using a single flash smelting furnace. It allows higher recovery of nickel, cobalt, and precious metals than

Get price

Teck''s CESL Nickel Process: Advancing Towards a Commercial

produces a high grade nickel matte which is then refined hydrometallurgically. With the majority of during comminution. In most cases, treatment of such ores results in low nickel recovery and . 2 produces a concentrate unacceptably high in magnesia. Nickel smelters typically cannot handle Komatiitehosted nickelcopper deposits contain

Get price

High Grade Nickel Concentrate Vale.com

High Grade Nickel Concentrate Product Information. High Grade Nickel Concentrate is used for the recovery of metal values. Vale Canada Newfoundland and Labrador . Suite 700, Blaine Johnston Centre . characterized by retention of excessive amounts of copper in the liver, brain, kidneys and

Get price

Metallurgy Extractive metallurgy Britannica.com

Metallurgy Extractive metallurgy: Following separation and concentration by mineral processing, metallic minerals are subjected to extractive metallurgy, in which their metallic elements are extracted from chemical compound form and refined of impurities. Metallic compounds are frequently rather complex mixtures (those treated commercially are for the most part sulfides, oxides, carbonates

Get price

Loing and Estimating Sources of Nickel US EPA

EPA450/484007f March 1984 LOCATING AND ESTIMATING AIR EMISSIONS FROM SOURCES OF NICKEL U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY Office of Air and Radiation

Get price

Silver Plating Services per QQS365, ASTM B700

Silver Plating Services – Silver Deposit Properties. Silver is an extremely ductile metal with a brilliant white luster. It has the highest electrical and thermal conductivity of all metals as well as the highest optical reflectivity in the visible range (gold plating is superior in the infrared range). Silver offers excellent hightemperature lubricity making it an excellent coating for

Get price

2 Inch Recessed Lighting Trims YLighting

No matter where you decide to install recessed lighting, there are a variety of solidly constructed options to choose from. Trim finishes range from sleek copper bronze, brushed nickel, and gunmetal metallic shades to neutral white and black. The Best 2Inch Recessed Fixtures

Get price

Grade Recovery Strategies

1986 2002 Lakefield Research Ltd Lakefield, Ontario, Canada Metallurgical laboratory technologist. Performing various laboratoryscale mineral processing and hydrometallurgical testwork and completion of necessary test reports Carrying out processes such as flotation, magnetic separation, electromagnetic separation, gravity separation, various mineral leaching processes, and size analysis.

Get price

Nickel AIMR 2013 Australian Mines Atlas

The remaining nickel matte is transported, principally by rail, to Western Nickel''s Kwinana nickel refinery, a distance of approximately 650 kilometres. The nickel matte is processed into nickel metal in the form of LME grade briquettes and nickel powder, together with a range of saleable byproducts.

Get price

What is a theoretical graderecovery curve? An example.

Oct 26, 2009 · The following example shows the key aspects of using the theoretical graderecovery curve for a copper flotation circuit where chalcopyrite is the major copper bearing mineral. The material in this example was ground to P80 of 125 micron in a closed ball mill circuit prior to flotation.

Get price

A Thermodynamic Model of Nickel Smelting and Direct High

recovery rate of valuable metals such as nickel, copper, and the compositions of the charges for these test modes were cobalt is lower in the highermattegrade range, especially presented in

Get price

Leaching of a lowgrade, coppernickel sulfide ore. 1. Key

1 Leaching of a lowgrade, coppernickel sulfide ore. 1. Key parameters impacting on Cu recovery during column bioleaching H.R. Watling1*, A.D. Elliot,1 M. Maley,2 W. van Bronswijk2 and C. Hunter3 1 AJ Parker Cooperative Research Centre for Integrated Hydrometallurgy Solutions, CSIRO Minerals, PO Box 7229, Karawara, Western Australia 6152

Get price

Nickel processing Britannica

Nickel processing: Nickel processing, preparation of the metal for use in various products. Although it is best known for its use in coinage, nickel (Ni) has become much more important for its many industrial appliions, which owe their importance to a unique combination of properties. Nickel

Get price

The 10 Biggest Nickel Producers of 2013 The Balance

The 10 Biggest Nickel Producers of 2013 . Share Pin Email By Terence Bell. Updated November 05, 2018 SMM is a major smelter and refiner of copper, nickel, and gold in Japan, and is invested in nickel mines and smelters in the Philippines, Indonesia, and New Caledonia. The company''s major nickel assets include the Niihama Nickel Refinery

Get price

Net smelter return QueensMineDesignWiki

Net smelter return factors. The NSR factors refer to the value a unit of metal grade ($ per gram of gold, $ per % nickel). These factors can be used in a variety of situations: Estimate rapidly the value of every block in the resources and reserves models by multiplying the grades by the factors. The blocks can easily be sorted as required.

Get price

12.3 Primary Copper Smelting

which is periodically removed and discarded. Copper matte remains in the furnace until tapped. Matte ranges from 35 to 65 percent copper, with 45 percent the most common. The copper content percentage is referred to as the matte grade. The 4 smelting furnace technologies used in the U. S. are reverberatory, electric, Noranda, and flash.

Get price

Estimates of Electricity Requirements for the Recovery of

Estimates of Electricity Requirements for the Recovery of Mineral Commodities, with Examples U.S. Geological Survey. Estimates of Electricity Requirements for the Recovery of Mineral Commodities, with Examples Applied to SubSaharan Africa. By Donald I. Bleiwas . OpenFile Report 2011–1253. matte and refined nickel from coppernickel

Get price

Nickel Deposits Explained Balmoral Resources Ltd.

Typically this type of Disseminated Ore is seen above and lateral to the higher grade, more massive parts of the system. One of the characteristics of magmatic sulphides is that the individual sulphide grains – like the orebodies as a whole – tend to be zoned having a more copperrich top and nickel rich base.

Get price

Leaching of a lowgrade, coppernickel sulfide ore. 1. Key

1 Leaching of a lowgrade, coppernickel sulfide ore. 1. Key parameters impacting on Cu recovery during column bioleaching H.R. Watling1*, A.D. Elliot,1 M. Maley,2 W. van Bronswijk2 and C. Hunter3 1 AJ Parker Cooperative Research Centre for Integrated Hydrometallurgy Solutions, CSIRO Minerals, PO Box 7229, Karawara, Western Australia 6152

Get price

The 10 Biggest Nickel Producers of 2013 The Balance

The 10 Biggest Nickel Producers of 2013 . Share Pin Email By Terence Bell. Updated November 05, 2018 SMM is a major smelter and refiner of copper, nickel, and gold in Japan, and is invested in nickel mines and smelters in the Philippines, Indonesia, and New Caledonia. The company''s major nickel assets include the Niihama Nickel Refinery

Get price

Mineral Deposit Value – How to Calculate the Potential

When the preliminary feasibility study of a mineral project has not been completed yet, but you do want to estimate the mineral deposit value, you can calculate the potential value of a mining project by the backoftheenvelope calculation described in this article.

Get price

Matte metallurgy Britannica

Matte, crude mixture of molten sulfides formed as an intermediate product of the smelting of sulfide ores of metals, especially copper, nickel, and lead stead of being smelted directly to metal, copper ores are usually smelted to matte, preferably containing 40–45 percent copper along with iron and sulfur, which is then treated by converting in a Bessemertype converter.

Get price

COBALT PROCESSING DEVELOPMENTS K G Fisher Bateman

COBALT PROCESSING DEVELOPMENTS K G Fisher Bateman Engineering Projects ABSTRACT steadily. Cobalt is produced mostly as a byproduct of other major metal extraction processes – mainly copper and nickel – and in recent decades the nickel industry has been the major source of cobalt. smelting to produce a PGMbearing nickel matte which

Get price

High Grade Nickel Concentrate Vale

High Grade Nickel Concentrate Product Information. High Grade Nickel Concentrate is used for the recovery of metal values. Vale Canada Newfoundland and Labrador . Suite 700, Blaine Johnston Centre . characterized by retention of excessive amounts of copper in the liver, brain, kidneys and

Get price

How to calculate grade and recovery concentrate?Ore

How to calculate grade and recovery concentrate? Loion: Home >> News >> Profession news In the process of ore dressing percentage, the percent of quality of a product obtained and quality of raw ore, known as the yield rate of product.

Get price

Metal Value per Tonne How You Can Determine the Mineral

You will find this explanation under the header How to Calculate the CutOff Grade, but in summary: 1% equals to 22 pounds. How To Calculate the Metal Value per Tonne. In the following table, I have created some examples for calculating the metal value, using the

Get price

Recovery of nickel, copper and precious metal concentrate

Abstract. Falconbridge Nikkelverk A/S sequentially treats high grade precious metal copper nickel mattes with HCI and chlorine, producing a precious metal concentrate having a bulk no greater than 1% of the original matte.

Get price

Geology & Mineralogy Copper Nickel Resources and Reserves

NorthMet comprises 254.7 million tons of proven and probable reserves grading 0.294 percent copper and 0.084 percent nickel. It has Measured and Indied mineral resources of 649.3 million tons grading 0.245 percent copper and 0.07 percent nickel and 508.9 million tons of Inferred material at 0.240 percent copper and 0.070 percent nickel.

Get price

OUTOTEC SMELTING SOLUTIONS FOR THE PGM INDUSTRY

OUTOTEC SMELTING SOLUTIONS FOR THE PGM INDUSTRY L. Aspola Outotec R. Matusewicz Outotec but also importantly, with nickel and copper. Typically Platinum and palladium have the greatest economic significance and other PGMs are typically produced as coproducts of these. With recent which produces highgrade nickel matte directly

Get price

Sherritt International Operations Commercial and

Leaching of nickelcopper matte and recovery of platinum group metals Sherritt''s matte leach process uses sulphuric acid leaching in a combination of atmospheric and/or pressure leaching steps to quantitatively dissolve nickel and copper in nickelcopper matte and produce a highgrade platinum group metal (PGM) concentrate for refining.

Get price

A Thermodynamic Model of Nickel Smelting and Direct High

recovery rate of valuable metals such as nickel, copper, and the compositions of the charges for these test modes were cobalt is lower in the highermattegrade range, especially presented in

Get price

Copper extraction Wikipedia

Copper extraction refers to the methods used to obtain copper from its ores.The conversion of copper consists of a series of physical and electrochemical processes. Methods have evolved and vary with country depending on the ore source, local environmental regulations, and other factors.

Get price

A Thermodynamic Model of Nickel Smelting and Direct High

nickelcopper matte of a low matte grade. The lowgrade coworker have also developed thermodynamic models of mattes from the two types of flash

Get price

CuEq Metal Equivalent Calculator for Mining Results

CuEq Metal Equivalent Calculator for Mining Results. Posted by: For each metal select the grade and the market price to be used in the calculations. You may also select a recovery %, the amount of assayed material that can actually be recovered during processing of the ore.

Get price

COPPER Copper production TU Delft

The copper recovery efficiency is over 90 %. About 95 % of The blast or shaft furnace is wellsuited for smelting highgrade, lumpy copper ore. If only fine 3 of 11 The reverberatory furnace dominated copper matte smelting for much of the 1900s, because it was

Get price

OUTOTEC FLASH SMELTING TECHNOLOGY

Flash Smelting is a natural choice for highergrade copper concentrates due to its lower capital investment costs. Outotec Direct Nickel Flash Smelting (DON) This process enables highgrade nickel matte to be produced using a single flash smelting furnace. It allows higher recovery of nickel, cobalt, and precious metals than

Get price

Teck''s CESL Nickel Process: Advancing Towards a Commercial

produces a high grade nickel matte which is then refined hydrometallurgically. With the majority of during comminution. In most cases, treatment of such ores results in low nickel recovery and . 2 produces a concentrate unacceptably high in magnesia. Nickel smelters typically cannot handle Komatiitehosted nickelcopper deposits contain

Get price

High Grade Nickel Concentrate Vale

High Grade Nickel Concentrate Product Information. High Grade Nickel Concentrate is used for the recovery of metal values. Vale Canada Newfoundland and Labrador . Suite 700, Blaine Johnston Centre . characterized by retention of excessive amounts of copper in the liver, brain, kidneys and

Get price

Metallurgy Extractive metallurgy Britannica

Metallurgy Extractive metallurgy: Following separation and concentration by mineral processing, metallic minerals are subjected to extractive metallurgy, in which their metallic elements are extracted from chemical compound form and refined of impurities. Metallic compounds are frequently rather complex mixtures (those treated commercially are for the most part sulfides, oxides, carbonates

Get price

Loing and Estimating Sources of Nickel US EPA

EPA450/484007f March 1984 LOCATING AND ESTIMATING AIR EMISSIONS FROM SOURCES OF NICKEL U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY Office of Air and Radiation

Get price

Silver Plating Services per QQS365, ASTM B700

Silver Plating Services – Silver Deposit Properties. Silver is an extremely ductile metal with a brilliant white luster. It has the highest electrical and thermal conductivity of all metals as well as the highest optical reflectivity in the visible range (gold plating is superior in the infrared range). Silver offers excellent hightemperature lubricity making it an excellent coating for

Get price

2 Inch Recessed Lighting Trims YLighting

No matter where you decide to install recessed lighting, there are a variety of solidly constructed options to choose from. Trim finishes range from sleek copper bronze, brushed nickel, and gunmetal metallic shades to neutral white and black. The Best 2Inch Recessed Fixtures

Get price

Grade Recovery Strategies

1986 2002 Lakefield Research Ltd Lakefield, Ontario, Canada Metallurgical laboratory technologist. Performing various laboratoryscale mineral processing and hydrometallurgical testwork and completion of necessary test reports Carrying out processes such as flotation, magnetic separation, electromagnetic separation, gravity separation, various mineral leaching processes, and size analysis.

Get price

Nickel AIMR 2013 Australian Mines Atlas

The remaining nickel matte is transported, principally by rail, to Western Nickel''s Kwinana nickel refinery, a distance of approximately 650 kilometres. The nickel matte is processed into nickel metal in the form of LME grade briquettes and nickel powder, together with a range of saleable byproducts.

Get price

What is a theoretical graderecovery curve? An example.

Oct 26, 2009 · The following example shows the key aspects of using the theoretical graderecovery curve for a copper flotation circuit where chalcopyrite is the major copper bearing mineral. The material in this example was ground to P80 of 125 micron in a closed ball mill circuit prior to flotation.

Get price

A Thermodynamic Model of Nickel Smelting and Direct High

recovery rate of valuable metals such as nickel, copper, and the compositions of the charges for these test modes were cobalt is lower in the highermattegrade range, especially presented in

Get price